The tax consequences of a shrinking middle class – Nearly half of Americans do not pay income taxes because they earn too little or are flat out on Social Security.

Recently the topic of taxes has been put on center stage again.  Aside from the political bickering the data shows us an even more disturbing trend.  The middle class is demonstrably shrinking at a time that the government is spending money it doesn’t have while the Fed is digitally printing money to save its allied banks.  The reason nearly half of Americans pay no federal taxes, this is different from other taxes (i.e., payroll, sales, etc) is that nearly half of Americans make too little money.  This might come as a surprise to many given that we are the wealthiest nation on the face of the planet.  However, we need only remember that we have the highest percentage of Americans on food stamps in a generation with nearly 46.5 million receiving this aid.  Yet part of the data also reflects our aging population.  After all, since 1 out of 3 Americans have zero in savings many retire relying completely on Social Security for their income.

The tax data

Let us break down the figures for income taxes:

pay income tax data

Source: Tax Policy Center Credit: Lam Thuy Vo / NPR

First, what you’ll notice is that 23 percent do not pay income taxes because they simply make too little.  Again, this does not mean that they do not pay payroll taxes (i.e., Social Security and Medicare) which all Americans earning any money must.  How low is this?  For a family of four it would need to be under $26,400.  Given that the average per capita earnings for Americans is $25,000 it should come as no surprise that many fall under this category.

Then you have older Americans on Social Security.  Since many rely on this as their major source of income and the typical payment is roughly $1,000 a month, not much you can tax here.  Then you have benefits for the working poor that allow additional deductions such as the earned income tax credit.  In this case, a family of two parents and two children earning $45,775 would have paid no income taxes.  Again, they are still paying payroll taxes.  Given the median household income is $50,000 you would expect this figure to put many in the non-income tax paying category.

Yet the overall issue of course is that we are spending more than we make and somehow trying to ignore the fact that we are crushing the middle class.  The middle class has shrunk over the last 40 years by 10 percent:

middle-class

Source:  CNN Money

What was even more troubling is that nearly half of Americans pass away with zero to their name:

“(NBER) We find that a substantial fraction of persons die with virtually no financial assets – 46.1 percent with less than $10,000 – and many of these households also have no housing wealth and rely almost entirely on Social Security benefits for support.”

The heavy reliance on Social Security, food stamps, Medicare, and other programs shows how precariously close our economic system is to a depression.  We have 46.5 million Americans that would likely have a hard time buying food if it were not for these programs.  Does this even remotely sound like an economic recovery to you?  The spending keeps going up yet the economic growth isn’t necessarily coming:

fed-debt-growth-rate-and-gdp-growth

You’ll notice that out debt growth is far outpacing out GDP growth.  It is unfortunate that mired in all the rhetoric there is little substantive debate regarding helping the middle class.  We have a system that is largely controlled by a millionaire Congress that is far removed from Main Street.  The fact that many Americans are confused about the tax equation isn’t surprising given the low level of financial literacy in our country.  Much of what is out there is set to confuse and keep turmoil in the system.  If you haven’t notice, our economic inequality is at levels last seen since the Great Depression.

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10 Comments on this post

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  1. clarence swinney said:

    VOTE DEMOCRATIC BECAUSE
    WWII Draft—R opposed
    S&L—R destroyed
    Fairness Doctrine-R destroyed
    Revenue Sharing-R destroyed
    Increase Spending-80%-Reagan did
    Increase Spending 92%–Bush II did
    Increase Debt 189%–Reagan did
    Increase Debt 112%–Bush II did
    Invade a small island nation-Reagan did
    Invade an innocent poor unarmed nation-Bush II did
    Invade one of poorest unarmed nations—Bush II did
    President and 11 staffers told 935 Lies to lead us into war-Bush II did
    Created 31,000 jobs per month—Bush II did
    Since WWII –D created twice as many jobs as R
    Select an anti Christ Mormon as candidate for president—R did

    Want Success? then vote Democrats into office
    Want Peace? Then vote Democrats into office
    want jobs? Then vote Democrats into office

    September 20th, 2012 at 2:16 pm
  2. clarence swinney said:

    1980-2009
    20 years 3 R presidents—18 years R Senate—12 years-R House- 6 years Total Control
    took 600B budget to 3500B (less wjc itsy)–1000B Debt to 10,000B—surplus to 1400B Deficit–
    99,0000 jobs per month compared to Carter + Clinton 222,000—initiated our involvement in 10 foreign conflicts—costing billions and loss of many thousands of loves—Smashed S&L Industry—Housing Industry-Banking Industry from Local to Wall Street Control—Great Recession—50,000 plants were closed 2000-2010– unjust dumb invasions of two poor, unarmed nations to remove leadership and place ours in power creating animosity throughout the Muslim world.

    Folks! We must get good Leadership and it cannot be neo-con Republicanism
    We have the wealth + income to pay off our debt and create millions of new jobs.
    It will take tax policies like 1945-1980 that paid off WWII Debt.
    We can do it. Romney and Republican control of House/Senate will never do it. Republicans are owned by Wall Street wealth.

    September 21st, 2012 at 1:43 pm
  3. Ryan said:

    Keep up the posts. I’ve been reading them all and your nailing it. One thing I would encourage you to write more about proactive steps people should take during our country’s financial free-fall. What types of investments do you recommend? We see the storm coming, how do you prepare? How do we position ourselves?

    Anyway, thanks for writing these posts.

    September 21st, 2012 at 11:55 pm
  4. Dan said:

    Dear MyBudget 360,

    The actual amount of income that a family of 4 can have and pay no income tax is higher because of child tax credits. I am assuming in your example that you mean 2 parents and 2 kids. Well, for every child that is under 17 Y.O., you would get $1,000 refundable credit. Therefore, a family could make $26,200 + 19,000 = $45,200 in gross income and pay no income tax.

    How did I get to that number. I used your number which is just standard and personal exemptions. Then I assumed $2,000 in child tax credit. The credits pay for the income tax of the 10% income tax bracket (1,700 tax on 17,000 in gross income). Then with the $300 in credits left I chipped away at the 15% bracket ($300 / 15% = $2000). So $19,000 more can be earned and no “INCOME TAX” in the USA.

    There you have it folks…$45,200. That is why so many people don’t pay income tax. I didn’t in 2010. Was I on Gov’t assisstance…no. I made about $55K. It was an odd year, but I didn’t pay any income tax. I paid self-employment tax though.

    BTW, I am a CPA who specializes in Tax.

    September 22nd, 2012 at 6:25 am
  5. hoser said:

    Taxes are a scam anywhy. Our tax dollars feed the IMF under the guise of the US Treasury. Geithner works/answers to Christina Lagarde. http://www.truthattack.org/jml/index.php

    September 22nd, 2012 at 2:12 pm
  6. JungianINTP said:

    Which ideology – always working

    behind the scenes while employing

    Big LIES – seeks to collapse the

    system of the meritocratic/

    moralistic/capitalistic West?

    Virtually every analyst expounding

    on the HOW of this financial decline

    gravely/mistakenly believes it’s all

    attributable to happenstance or mis-

    management or utter stupidity,

    rather than what, in fact, it is:

    the movers and shakers’ conspiri-

    torial machinations tha advancing

    that ideology; i.e., capitalism isn’t

    failing but shuddering under the

    weight of

    socialism’s/communism’s/feminism’s

    ever-expanding

    WELFARISM!, which de-insentivizes

    the productive and creates a MORAL

    HAZARD for the unproductive to feel

    comfortable in their “poverty.”

    It’s all been planned–it’s by design,

    not happenstance nor mismanagement

    nor stupidity (( Marxists’ utter stupidity

    notwithstanding )).

    September 22nd, 2012 at 3:25 pm
  7. clarence swinney said:

    STOP SELLING OUR GOVERNMENT

    IT IS A SHAME THAT OUR SENATOR WAS A FRESHMAN AND HAD 1.3M IN HIS CAMPAIGN PIGGY BANK ONLY A FEW MONTHS AFTER BEING ELECTED

    Max Baucus—Chair Senate Finance Comm—70% poll for Public option–
    Bill hit his comm— first act—removed public option for debate
    shocked me—I trusted him. Zap. Report=he had $1,900,00 in his campaign kitty from health care industry..

    The millions spent by thousands of Lobbyists expect favors. Buy them.

    We need a Washington revolution and kick all out

    Obama lost me with Gay Marriage. Totally disgusted. I am in a position I trust no one in Washington. I know few are very good but $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ BUYS ANYONE

    $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ OUT OF GOVERNMENT—— QUICK

    NYT had superb article on Wall Street employees going into many many many government jobs in Congress and White House

    They left for a much lower paying job.
    Conclusion—Wall Street biggies are placing them in positions to make decisions for Wall Street.
    Pay under table or? Many have done this. Worked in Wash for few years then back to Wall street into a higher paying job

    This is sad sad. RULES MUST CHANGE

    NO $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ IN WASHINGTON

    NYT had article on Interconnectivity between Board Of Directors in WSA firms
    You vote for my pay+pension I vote for yours
    sickening

    5 big banks own 50% of deposits in 7000 banks and 10 own 80%

    Restate Glass Steagall—separate Casinos from local banks

    County Banking Systems—local wealth kept local to create more local wealth and jobs
    WASHINGTON SOLUTIONS (Congress + White House)
    Requires overturning Corp is a person
    1. fed fund election—6 mos-3 primary 3 general—free equal tv time—debate a week=12=adequate to evaluate candidates NO $$ =O
    2. Since they will not need campaign funds Ban them from receiving anything of a financial value this closes K St.
    3. Progressive Flat Tax by group—We have the income to pay our way-do it
    We rank #2 as lowest taxed in OECD nations. We have an income of $14,00 billion yet tax

    September 25th, 2012 at 1:40 pm
  8. clarence swinney said:

    why do not Democrats promo this? can you help?

    FEDERAL EXPENDITURES(billions)
    FISCAL YEAR
    2001—1850 (end of Clinton last Budget 9-30-01)
    2009—3510 (end of Bush last budget 9-30-09)
    2010—3430
    2011—3810
    2012—3720 (est)
    2013—3800 (budgeted) (end of Obama last budget 9-30-13)

    President Bush
    1850 to 3510= (+90%)

    President Obama
    3510 to 3800= (+8.6%)
    Sources:omb.gov
    usgovernmentspending.com
    President Obama Exec. Order 13589-”Promoting Efficient Spending”
    has paid off on goal of 8 Billion reduction by end of his term.

    September 27th, 2012 at 8:07 am
  9. clarence swinney said:

    BIG SPENDER OBAMA
    FEDERAL EXPENDITURES(billions)
    FISCAL YEAR
    2001—1850 (end of Clinton last Budget 9-30-01)
    2009—3510 (end of Bush last budget 9-30-09)
    2010—3430
    2011—3810
    2012—3720 (est)
    2013—3800 (budgeted) (end of Obama last budget 9-30-13)

    President Bush
    1850 to 3510= (+90%)

    President Obama
    3510 to 3800= (+8.6%)
    Sources:omb.gov
    usgovernmentspending.com
    President Obama Exec. Order 13589-”Promoting Efficient Spending”
    has paid off on goal of 8 Billion reduction by end of his term.

    September 30th, 2012 at 8:22 am
  10. clarence swinney said:

    INEQUALITY YES expanded repeat but oh oh so important for the Middle Class
    Net Wealth-2010
    1%=35%
    5%=635
    10%=77%
    80%=11%
    Financial Wealth
    1%=42%
    5%=72%
    10%=85%
    80%=5%
    OECD rank–4th on inequality–3rd as Least Taxed–2nd as Least tax on corporations
    Reagan began redistribution upwards with his 60% tax cut for top incomes.
    Ask any friend to guess how much we pay in federal-state-local taxes as a percent of gdp.
    No one I asked ever said under 50%. It is 27%. 27%.

    In Fiscal 2012 federal tax revenue was 2450Billion. We borrowed 1100 Billion.
    Our national income is 14,000 Billion. 2450 is a Tax Rate of 17.6%

    Since 1980, we borrowed 15,000 Billion which let the rich off the hook to retain and grow their wealth.
    They pay most of individual income tax but little of income in payroll tax. The big question is how much of Total Income do they pay not the Adjusted Gross Income which has their deductions.

    Mitt Romney is proposing a 20% tax cut which means more borrowing like Bush who gave top 5% 48% of his tax cuts and borrowed 6100 Billion(5800 on 9-30-1 to 11.900 on 9-30-09) or doubled our debt in 8 years.
    We have the Income to balance our budget but we must tax the top10% to do it.
    Clarence Swinney political historian Lifeaholics of America –burlington nc
    author-Lifeaholic—Success by working for a Life not just a Living.

    October 21st, 2012 at 7:29 am

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